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City-wide slum housing project, IHSDP, Sangli & Miraj (2009 - Present)

The Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme (IHSDP) has been introduced by the Government of India (GOI) for the purpose of slum improvement in cities and towns under the Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM).  The critical objective of the IHSDP scheme is to strive for holistic slum development with a healthy and enabling urban environment by providing adequate shelter with security of tenure and basic infrastructure facilities to the slum dwellers of the identified urban areas.

Sangli-Miraj-Kupwad is a small municipal corporation in the state of Maharashtra about 400 kms south of Mumbai on the banks of the river Krishna and covers an area of 118km2.  The population of this city was close to 5 lakhs (500,000) according to the census of 2001.  The city appointed Shelter Associates as a consultant to submit a proposal to the Government of India in February 2009 under the IHSDP scheme for the rehabilitation of almost half of the peri-urban areas slum population in an integrated housing and infrastructure scheme.

The unique feature of Shelter Associates proposal was its citywide perspective for slum improvement and the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) software and remote sensing technology (Google Earth®).  This approach means that the land, which is a finite government resource, is used optimally to ensure that the maximum number of slums dwellers are provided with security of tenure, housing, and essential services within their current neighbourhood and are not relegated to the edge of the city which lacks services (transport, water and drainage) and drives them deeper into poverty.  This planned approach, with great consideration for 'origins and destinations' of the slums to be relocated, ensured that the communities were not far removed from their current places of work or other social amenities like schools, health centres, emergency services, markets, etc. 

Shelter Associates designed four story 'walk-up' social housing, which would rehabilitate the existing slum dwellers on the site as well as create an extra housing stock that could absorb the neighbouring slums that require relocation. The GOI approved this project as a special case for its innovative, holistic and inclusive citywide approach which uses technology to plan sensitively and could potentially be replicable in other cities' attempts to be 'slum free'.

The 7 sites which are being redeveloped as receiving sites are:

  1. Sanjay Nagar, Miraj (construction started 31st October 2011)
  2. Indira Nagar Gharkul, Miraj (phase 1 of construction started in Januray 2012 and phase 2 of construction started in July 2013)
  3. Aba Dhotre, Sangli (construction started in February 2011)
  4. Sanjay Nagar Patra Chawl, Sangli (construction started in February 2011)
  5. Indira Nagar, Sangli (on hold) 
  6. Mehtar Samaj, Sangli (on hold)
  7. Durga Nagar, Miraj (cancelled)

 

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